A panic attack is an attack of severe anxiety which occurs suddenly and subsides just as suddenly. The condition is often accompanied by pronounced somatic symptoms: palpitations, dizziness, a feeling of weakness or numbness in the extremities, etc. Sometimes this disease is treated with this drug https://pillintrip.com/medicine/ksalol as part of complex therapy.
According to statistics, panic attacks occasionally occur in one person in 20. Young people (ages 20-30) experience attacks more often than older people, and women more often than men.
The exact mechanism of panic attacks has not yet been identified. Most doctors attribute the symptoms to the sudden release into the blood of stress hormones: adrenaline and noradrenaline. As a result, the body goes into “fight or flight” mode and mobilizes all its strength. The person’s heart rate and blood pressure increase, breathing becomes more rapid, a strong sense of anxiety appears, which cannot be suppressed by an effort of will.
The attacks cause such intense fear that the patient begins to live in anticipation of a new wave of panic. If the conditions recur periodically, they can cause the development of severe neurosis and depression, completely subordinating the person’s life. Timely help from specialists makes it possible if not to get rid of attacks completely, then at least to reduce their frequency, as well as to learn self-help skills during panic attacks.
The reasons for the development of panic attacks are unknown. Predisposing factors have been proven to be:
Psycho-emotional trauma suffered in childhood and adolescence;
lack of body protective hormones, in particular serotonin;
Prolonged or very severe stress;
physical trauma and surgical interventions;
lack of sleep;
excessive physical exertion;
alcohol abuse, etc.
Psychologists and psychoanalysts also analyze the causes of panic attacks. Among the possible risk factors they particularly single out:
Hypersensitivity to internal sensations, which leads to a significant increase in even minimal discomfort;
Excessive demanding of oneself and perfectionism;
unresolved inner conflict.
Most likely, the body is affected by several pathological factors at once, which together cause an unreasonably strong reaction to external or internal stimuli.
The person appears:
pronounced anxiety, an unreasonable fear of death, an inexplicable feeling of intense danger;
Rapid heartbeat and breathing;
A sensation of difficulty in breathing or choking, a pronounced shortness of breath;
persistent feeling of a lump in the throat;
discomfort, tightness, or pain in the chest (often on the left side);
abdominal pain, nausea; in severe cases, vomiting or diarrhea may occur;
trembling in the hands and/or feet;
Feeling of numbness or tingling in the extremities;
Sweating, hot flashes to the face and body;
blurred vision, flickering of flickers in front of the eyes.
Most patients note a strong sense of unreality of what is happening; they fear going insane or losing control of their behavior.
Unlike other diseases and conditions accompanied by similar symptoms, the signs of a panic attack disappear within 10-30 minutes and leave no trace. Depending on the condition of the person’s nervous system, associated diseases and external factors, panic attacks may recur with varying frequency, from once every 1-2 months to several times a day.
As a rule, the first panic attack is the most severe and strongest. It leaves behind a persistent fear of recurrence of what has happened, which is also a provoking factor. A pathological vicious circle develops that is practically impossible to break without the aid of specialists.
What are the dangers of panic attacks?
Panic attack itself is not dangerous for the body, especially if the person does not suffer from any chronic diseases. Nevertheless, during the attack, he loses touch with reality and may behave inadequately. Dizziness and loss of spatial orientation lead to falls and injuries, panic driving becomes the cause of an accident.
Frequent recurrence of attacks disrupts a person’s daily life and leads to mental disorders, especially if the person does not receive support from others. Depression, apathy, feelings of inferiority often accompany people suffering from panic attacks.